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Labour and rebuilding social security

otorybenefitsvote570Look, I get it. No one needs to tell me that the antipathy towards the unemployed, the disabled, and anyone else forced to subsist on social security payments has been carefully but repeatedly orchestrated for over 30 years. Labour have historically not just gone along with the collective hounding of benefit recipients; during its time in government the party led from the front. We also know the demonisation that has poured uninterrupted from our establishment like a waterfall of filth from a stinking effluent pipe have consistently talked up recipients as scroungers who shamelessly ponce off the taxpayer. Hence we have a situation where 72 per cent believe “too many people were able to claim benefits who should not have been entitled to do so”, some 0.7 per cent of payments are estimated to be fraudulent. You’ll not hear many politicians suggest that, as a proportion of GDP, the social security budget has more or less remained constant.

The media and governments past and present don’t mislead over social security.

They lie.

Their propaganda isn’t widely believed because people are stupid or that the media is all-powerful. It gets traction because it chimes with a lot of working people’s experiences. There is always one person in every family, every friendship group, every community that – without any evidence beyond perception and gossip – is strongly suspected of being a dolewaller or lead-swinger. For my mum, it was the bloke down the village on the social with a bad back who was on the take. For a disabled guy I recently helped out, it was the youths sat around Longton town centre of a weekday morning smoking and necking cans of Carling. And for younger folk I know, it’s the one who seemingly sits in their bedroom all day battling orcs on onWoW. The majority go to work to provide for themselves and their families, so the idea there are others who do nothing and live a “life of riley” off their backs exercises a negative pull on the popular imagination. Who, after all, wants to be taken for a mug? So you can understand why “truth-telling“, tales of hardship, and stat-mongering has barely shifted public attitudes. And, unfortunately, it is not likely to do so in and of themselves.

The crisis facing social security is not an issue of economic sustainability or public finances. It’s a political crisis, but that does not make it any less real. The question we, as socialists or social democrats have to ask is how can popular consent be rebuilt for a social security system whose very legitimacy is questioned by the same working people it was founded to help?

Enter stage left Ed Miliband, with this week’s important speech on this very topic. Important, as this is the shape of what’s to come should the polls bear out and Labour wins in 2015. And also because it represents a marked shift from the policy deadweight bequeathed by New Labour.

Contrary to what some have been writing, the revealed social security policy orientation is not a swing to the right. A lot of this stuff has been trailed for a long time, and it’s miles better than anything James Purnell led on. Nor do I accept it’s a capitulation to neoliberal austerity (of which more another time). Ed’s One Nation schtick is communitarian and rests on social contract thinking – everyone enjoys certain rights, but along with them come certain obligations. Hence, this approach to social security affords payments to those who need it provided they meet their responsibilities, such as seeking appropriate work or attending regular meetings with the relevant DWP advisor. On society’s part, in addition to making basic subsistence payments it will, under these plans, provide a guaranteed job for the long-term unemployed – on pain of sanction. This we have already seen.

On housing, Ed will give local authorities the power to negotiate on the collective behalf of private tenants to set rents. Effectively a rent cap by another name, monies saved from the housing benefit budget will be ploughed into council housing. And on the scandal of tax credits or, as it should be known, low pay subsidy; Labour also expects private sector providers of government contracts to pay the living wage and set this as a public sector ‘minimum wage’, and ‘shame’ companies into paying their staff decently. Zero hour contracts are out, too.

On top of announcements addressing joblessness, housing and tax credits come the controversial bits. First, the idea of a cap on social security spending. And second, reintroducing a contributory element.

Capping spending. Well, you might as well say cutting spending. But not all cuts are cuts. Saving money by creating jobs through a sensible, investment-led economic policy is a world away from saving money by slashing dole. As anyone can find out in 30 seconds with their favourite search engine, Labour will use targeted investment spending to get the economy moving again and with it sort out unemployment. Though no one will say it, the cap is not about the sustainability or otherwise of the bill. It’s about politics, and about showing that Labour has a handle on benefits and will not let the cost spiral out of control – though it is no danger of doing so, in reality.

The contributory principle of paying out more JSA than the standard £71/week to people who have been in work longer and more consistently is designed to give workers who may never or fleetingly go on the dole the idea their contribution counts and it’s there when they need it. Quite how this will work for single parents – women particularly – and workers who, through no fault of their own, are locked into insecure and casualised labour markets remains to be seen. But there is danger that resentment diffused in one place will merely be repatriated to another.

But, in sum, this isn’t “right-wing” let alone neoliberal. Do these, if enacted, give capital a stronger hand vis a vis labour? No. But it does represent an attempt to circumvent the toxicity of the social security debate by refusing to demonise recipients, looking at ways of getting people off the dole and into jobs by stimulating the economy, bringing down housing benefit without cutting support available to tenants, and giving a wider layer of workers more of a stake in the system. And Labour aims to do so without handing the Tories and their friends in the press a stick with which to beat them – a stick that, sadly, is very effective for the reasons already stated.

There is a lot of detail to come between now and election day, and every bit of it needs critically scrutinising. But taken as is Ed’s speech represents an attempt to re-win popular consent for the very idea of social security under very difficult political circumstances. If readers have an alternative that can, to use an ugly phrase, ‘deliver fairness’ and rebuild wide support, I would be very interested to hear it.


  1. Rob says:

    Brilliant laugh it hurt….

  2. Stephen says:

    The devil’s in the detail.

  3. Dennis Clapham says:

    Labour, under T Blair did nothing to reverse the rot began by Thatcherism. The ideological battle was lost by labour by NOT supporting the UK industrial/skill base at the time and allowed Corporate greed to flourish at the cost of all our futures, and the future of our children. Both Miliband and Balls are now fluttering their eyelashes at these same corporate monsters and seek to gain the confidence of the ‘few’ believe they have managed to ‘escape’ the working class. AUSTERITY cannot work. If the people have no money there can be no growth, shops close, businesses go bust, more people lose jobs, benefit bill go up, so benefit incomes get cut, less money to spend , more businesses go bust, more people become unemployed with less money to spend, more businesses go bust, more people lose their jobs…….. GET THE PICTURE!!!!!!!!! Meanwhile the richest people get richer and richer. Why don’t you simple call yourselves the neo Conservatives.

  4. Rob says:

    They’ll get around to it do not worry, Neo conservatives sounds about right.

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